National Contact Point (NCP)

The National Contact Points (NCPs) are set up by each Member State up in coherence with their administrative system. They can be individuals or administrative bodies. NCPs ensure the transnationality of the programme and help mainstreaming of projects. They are in direct contact with national stakeholders and provide information on the programme, on the calls for projects and on administrative requirements for the submission of applications. NCPs are coordinated by their National Authorities. Decentralised structures of the programme might also be set up to support the programme implementation.


Natura 2000

Natura 2000 is a network of nature protection areas in the territory of the European Union. It is made up of Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) and Special Protection Areas (SPAs) designated respectively under the Habitats Directive and Birds Directive. Natura 2000 protects around 18 percent of land in the EU countries (787,767 km squared in 2013).


Tags : Ecosystem, Environmental protection

Natural heritage and resources

As natural heritage are considered natural features, geological and physiographical formations (including habitats) and natural sites or precisely delineated natural areas. Natural resources are produced by nature, commonly subdivided into non – renewable resources, such as minerals and fossil fuels, and renewable natural resources that propagate or sustain life and are naturally self-renewing when properly managed, including plants and animals, as well as soil and water.

Reference : UNESCO, 1972 : Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage.

Tags : Cultural heritage and cultural resources, Environmental protection, Ecosystem

Nearly Zero energy buildings (NZEB)

A building that has very high energy performance, as determined in accordance with Annex I of the EPBD recast. The nearly zero or very low amount of energy required should be covered to a very significant extent by energy from renewable sources, including energy from renewable sources produced on‐site or nearby.


Tags : Energy efficiency, Renewable energy, Energy Performance Certificate

Net revenue

Cash in-flows directly paid by users for the goods or services provided by the project, such as charges borne directly by users for the use of infrastructure, sale or rent of land or buildings, or payments for services less any operating costs and replacement costs of short-life equipment incurred during the corresponding period.

Reference : Article 61.1 CPR

Non-profit organisation

A non-profit organisation (abbreviated "NPO" or "Non-Profit" or "Not-for-Profit") is an organisation whose primary objective is to support an issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes. Non-Profit Organisations can make benefits but these benefits must be reinvested in its activity.


The "Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics" (NUTS) was created by the European Office for Statistics (Eurostat) in order to apply a common statistical standard across the European Union. NUTS levels are geographical areas used to collect harmonised data in the EU. They have been used in the Structural Funds since 1988 and play an important role in allocating Structural Funds. The current nomenclature subdivides the 28 Member States into three categories, according to specific population thresholds :

  • NUTS level 1: includes smaller Member States such as Denmark, Ireland and Slovenia, the German Länder and other large regions
  • NUTS level 2: includes the autonomous regions in Spain, French regions and overseas departments (DOM), Polish Voivodships, etc.
  • NUTS level 3: includes Nomoi in Greece, Maakunnat in Finland, Swedish Län, etc. EU Regulations contain full definitions and listings of all NUTS regions