Real costs

Expenditure actually incurred and paid (taking into account any rebate, discount or financial support) and supported by invoices or other documents of equivalent probative value.

Regional actors

Regional actors are all main stakeholders operating at regional level in a specific thematic field independently from their legal status, thus comprising the public as well as the private sector. These sectors include different types of entities such as public administrations, infrastructure and services providers and operators, agencies including RDA, interest groups, NGOs, research centres, education facilities, enterprises including SMEs, business support organisation, etc.

Regional innovation and Smart specialisation strategies (RIS3)

Smart specialisation is a new innovation policy concept designed to promote the efficient and effective use of public investment in research. Its goal is to boost regional innovation in order to achieve economic growth and prosperity, by enabling regions to focus on their strengths. Smart specialisation understands that spreading investment too thinly across several frontier technology fields risks limiting the impact in any one area. A smart specialisation strategy needs to be built on a sound analysis of regional assets and technology. It should also include an analysis of potential partners in other regions and avoid unnecessary duplication. Smart specialisation needs to be based on a strong partnership between businesses, public entities and knowledge institutions – such partnerships are recognised as essential for success.

Tags : RIS3 platform, Joint Research Center, Structural Funds

Remote area

An area is considered "remote" if less than half of its residents can drive to the centre of a city of at least 50 000 inhabitants within 45 minutes.


Tags : Rural area, Urban cluster

Renewable energy

Renewable energy is energy that is derived from natural processes (eg : sunlight and wind) that are replenished at a higher rate than they are consumed. Solar, wind, geothermal, hydropower, bioenergy and ocean power are sources of renewable energy. The role of renewables continues to increase in the electricity, heating & cooling and transport sectors.


Tags : Sustainable development, Energy efficiency


To duplicate, copy, reproduce, or repeat what has been succesfully implemented in other areas or programmes in another territory.

Reporting period

A designated period of time during the project lifetime; activities carried out and expenditure incurred and paid (unless simplified cost options apply) during a reporting period are presented in a Progress Report and a Payment Claim, and are subject to programme co-financing.

Responsible Tourism

Tourism that maximizes the benefits to local communities, minimizes negative social or environmental impacts, and helps local people conserve fragile cultures and habitats or species. (Cape Town Declaration on Responsible Tourism)

Tags : Sustainable development, Environmental protection, Coastal tourism


Tags : Project result

Result indicator

Programme result indicators relate to the objectives of Priority axes. They relate to the effects on direct beneficiaries brought about by a programme. They provide information on changes, for example, behaviour, capacity or performance of beneficiaries. Such indicators can be physical (reduction energy consumption, increase of a competence, etc.) or financial (additional financial resource mobilised, decrease of an expense, etc.).

Tags : Programme result, Project result, Output indicator

Risk assessment

Process to identify potential hazards and analyze what could happen if a hazard occurs.


The roadmap is a synthetic document which defines the broad outline, and especially the stages of a policy, a strategy or an action plan.

Tags : Deliverable

Rural area

Rural areas are all areas outside urban clusters (contiguous grid cells of 1km² with a density of at least 300 inhabitants per km² and a minimum population of 5000).


Tags : Urban clusters, Remote area