Glossary

In itinere evaluation

Evaluation during the project’s life.

Tags : Evaluation

In-kind contribution

Contributions in the form of provision of works, goods, services, land and real estate for which no cash payment supported by invoices or documents of equivalent probative value has been made. In the framwork of the Interreg MED Programme this expenditure is non-eligible.

Reference : Article 69.1 CPR

Inclusive growth

Inclusive growth aims at fostering a high-employment economy delivering social and territorial cohesion.

Reference

Indicator

An indicator can be defined as a way of measuring an objective to be met, a resource committed, an effect obtained, a gauge of quality or a context variable. An indicator should be made up by a definition.

Tags : output indicator, result indicator, intervention logic

Indirect costs

Indirect costs are costs that cannot be assigned in full to the project, as they link to various activities of the partner organisation. As such costs cannot be connected directly to an individual activity, it is difficult to determine precisely the amount attributable to this activity (for instance, telephone, water, electricity expenses, etc.).

Tags : Direct costs

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)

ICT refers to technologies that provide access to information through telecommunications. It is similar to Information Technology (IT), but focuses primarily on communication technologies. This includes the Internet, wireless networks, cell phones, and other communication mediums.

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Information and publicity measures for beneficiaries

Information and communication measures are the responsibilities of beneficiaries to adopt a minimum set of communication rules laid down in the EU regulation No 1303/2013, annex XII, in order to communicate the EU Funds support to the related operation. Only information and communication materials produced under these rules are eligible for co-financing.

Innovation

Innovation is about creation of new products, new processes, new technologies, new organisation systems… Thus, innovation can be technological and non-technological with the objective to improve the functioning of institutions, the efficiency of strategies implemented or the competitiveness of economic operators.

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Innovation vouchers schemes

Innovation vouchers are small lines of credit provided by governments to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to purchase services from public knowledge providers with a view to introducing innovations (new products, processes or services) in their business operations.

Tags : Innovation, Small and medium-sized enterprises

Innovative cluster

Groupings of independent undertakings — innovative start-ups, small, medium and large undertakings as well as research organisations — operating in a particular sector and region and designed to stimulate innovative activity by promoting intensive interactions, sharing of facilities and exchange of knowledge and expertise and by contributing effectively to technology transfer, networking and information dissemination among the undertakings in the cluster.

Reference

Tags : Innovation, Cluster, Undertaking

Innovative financial Instruments

Spending through innovative financial instruments is another way of spending EU budget than giving grants or subsidies. Innovative financial instruments cover a rather broad range of interventions such as participations in equity (risk capital) funds, guarantees to local banks lending to a large number of final beneficiaries, for instance small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) or risk-sharing with financial institutions to boost investment in large infrastructure projects (e.g. the Europe 2020 Project Bonds Initiative). The aim of such interventions is to boost the real economy through increasing the access to finance for enterprises and industry producing goods and service.

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Institutional capacity

The concept of institutional capacity supports integrated planning and decision-making processes between institutions. Nowadays it often implies a broader focus of empowerment, social capital, and an enabling environment, as well as the culture, values and power relations that influence us.

Reference : Segnestam, Persson, Nilsson and Arvidsson, Country Environment Analysis, A Review of International Experience, Stockholm Environment Institute, Draft, 2002.

Tags : Capacity building

institutional partner

An institutional partner is a partner that has a role mostly focused on the definition of policies.

Tags : operational partner, scientific partner

Instrument

As output indicator, an instrument means any tool or service developed or adapted to achieve a goal for a specific target group.

Tags : output indicator, deliverable

Integrated approach

The approach is "integrated" or "ecosystemic" when the result is not a series of isolated proposals working on limited aspects of, eg : tourism, transports, creative industry, but a global coordination effort making these domains contribute to the sustainable development of territories (taking into account available means, existing public policies, conflict of use, jobs creation, involvement of public and private operators, etc.).

integrated coastal zone management (ICZM)

Integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) is a dynamic, multidisciplinary and iterative process to promote sustainable management of coastal zones.
It covers the full cycle of information collection, planning (in its broadest sense), decision making, management and monitoring of implementation.
ICZM uses the informed participation and cooperation of all stakeholders to assess the societal goals in a given coastal area, and to take actions towards meeting these objectives.
ICZM seeks, over the long-term, to balance environmental, economic, social, cultural and recreational objectives, all within the limits set by natural dynamics.
"Integrated" in ICZM refers to the integration of objectives and also to the integration of the many instruments needed to meet these objectives.
It means integration of all relevant policy areas, sectors, and levels of administration.
It means integration of the terrestrial and marine components of the target territory, in both time and space.

Reference

For more information

Tags : maritime spatial planning (MSP), coastal area

Integrated Environmental management

Integrated environmental management means a comprehensive approach to natural resource planning and management that encompasses ecological, social, and economic objectives. It considers the interrelationships among different elements and incorporates concepts of carrying capacity, resilience and sustainability.

Integrated Maritime Surveillance

Integrated Maritime Surveillance is about providing authorities interested or active in maritime surveillance with ways to exchange information and data. Sharing data will make surveillance cheaper and more effective, contributing to improve the capacity for response in case of emergencies and increase the economic value of the associated sectors.

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Integrated project

Projects from this type combine all the 3 modules ((M1+M2+M3) and have the ambition to create a direct impact on regional and national policies of the MED and European space and may integrate all types of activities foreseen in the single-module projects. Their structure and actions should be fully oriented towards looking forward transnational solutions linked with the MED area in a global manner and not with specific territories.

Tags : Studying project (Module 1), Testing project (Module 2), Capitalising project (Module 3)

INTERREG

Tags : European Territorial Cooperation (ETC)

Interregional cooperation

Interregional cooperation is aimed at enhancing EU regional development through transfers of know-how and exchanges of experiences between regions. The Interregional Cooperation Programme INTERREG EUROPE forms part of the European Territorial Cooperation goal under cohesion policy for 2014-20. The programme aims to improve the effectiveness of regional development policies and contribute to economic modernisation and increased competitiveness in Europe. It provides a framework for cooperation between regional and local actors in the EU-28, as well as in Norway and Switzerland. Programmes are part-financed by the ERDF under the interregional cooperation strand of the European Territorial Cooperation goal :

  • INTERACT – support for, and exchange of, good practice between authorities in charge of implementing cooperation programmes
  • ESPON – territorial planning observatory
  • URBACT – creation of, and support for, city networks and urban development
Tags : European Territorial Cooperation (ETC), Cohesion Policy

Investment

The term investment refers to an output of a project activity or activities that remains in use by the project’s target group after the completion of the project. In line with Article 3 ERDF Regulation (EU) 1301/2013, productive investments, investments in infrastructure and fixed investments in equipment are among the types of activities to be supported from ERDF in 2014-2020. In all cases, expenditure related to investments can be allocated under different HIT budget lines: the type of cost defines the relevant budget line. Investments in infrastructure involve expenditure for the financing of infrastructure and construction works that do not fall into the scope of the five categories of costs defined in Article 18 ETC Regulation (EU) 1299/2013.

IPA

Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (2014-2020). Funds available to partners from countries engaged in the (pre-) accession process to the EU: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. In the framework of the Interreg MED Programme only partner from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro are eligible.

Reference

Tags : ERDF