Glossary

Call for proposals

Period of time in which applications can be submitted to the Joint Secretariat.

Capacity Building

Capacity building encompasses human, scientific, technological, organisational, institutional and resource capabilities. A fundamental goal of capacity building is to enhance the ability to evaluate and address the crucial questions related to policy choices and modes of implementation.

Reference

Tags : Institutional capacity, Training

Capitalisation

Organisation of data concerning the implementation of programmes, projects, their impacts, the methods used in order to make the accumulated experience usable for other programmes, projects or stakeholder groups.

Capitalising project (Module 3)

This type of project has the objective to capitalise on existing projects results, not only achieved in the framework of the Interreg MED Programme but also coming from other corresponding initiatives developed at local, regional, national and transnational level in the Interreg MED programme cooperation area and adjacent zones.

Tags : Module, Single-module project, Modular project

case study

The case study is a descriptive, exploratory or explanatory analysis of a person, events, decisions, periods, projects, policies, institutions, or other systems from an holistic point of view.
It is a method of inquiring a real-life case in order to explore causation and find underlying principles.

Tags : deliverable

Certifying Authority

The Certifying Authority certifies statements of expenditure and applications for payment before they are sent to the Commission. It receives payments made by the Commission and ensures the reimbursement. It keeps account of unused/recovered funds to be returned to the Commission, It is also responsible for drawing up the annual accounts and ensuring that audits are carried out on the management and control systems, on an appropriate sample of operations and on the annual accounts.

Cluster

Groupings of independent undertakings — innovative start-ups, small, medium and large undertakings as well as research organisations — operating in a particular sector and region and designed to stimulate innovative activity by promoting intensive interactions, sharing of facilities and exchange of knowledge and expertise and by contributing effectively to technology transfer, networking and information dissemination among the undertakings in the cluster.

These groups may be recognized in a formal way (e.g.: the French “pôles de compétitivité”) or operate as informal networks as long as they constitute a stable ecosystem.

Tags : Innovation, Triple Helix, Quadruple Helix

Co-financing rate

The maximum rate of programme co-financing applied to the eligible expenditure of the project and each individual partner. Different co-financing rates may apply to different types of partners.

Coastal area

A coastal area is defined as a NUTS level 3 of the geographical classification that has a coastline or more than half of its population living less than 50 km from the sea.

Tags : Coastal tourism, Coastal region

Coastal region

A NUTS 2 region with a coastal line.

Tags : Coastal area, Coastal tourism

Coastal tourism

Coastal tourism includes beach-based tourism and recreation activities (e.g. swimming, surfing, etc.), and other recreation activities in coastal areas (e.g. aquariums).

Reference

Tags : Coastal area, Coastal region, Maritime tourism

Cohesion Policy

Cohesion policy is the European Union’s strategy to promote and support the ‘overall harmonious development’ of its Member States and regions. Enshrined in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Art. 174), the EU’s cohesion policy aims to strengthen economic and social cohesion by reducing disparities in the level of development between regions. The policy focuses on key areas which will help the EU face up to the challenges of the 21st century and remain globally competitive. Approximately 32.5 % of the EU budget 2014-2020 (equivalent to ca. EUR 351.8 billion over seven years at 2014 prices) is allocated to financial instruments which support cohesion policy. These are managed and delivered in partnership between the European Commission, the Member States and stakeholders at the local and regional level.

communication plan (horizontal project)

Horizonal projects are requested to present a communication plan to set up the communication strategy for the community of projects. In the usual definition of the objectives, targets, messages, tools, calendar, the plan must present proposals to adress the coordination tasks :

  • communication with the partners of the horizontal project – Internal communication within the HP
  • communication and involvement with the modular projects – Internal communication or community building with modular projects
Tags : horizontal project

Community Building

Community building is a field of practices directed toward the creation or enhancement of community among individuals within a territory or with a common interest. It relies on varied activities and events to improve relationships and exchanges between the members of the community, to develop a sense of common purpose, and to keep all stakeholders committed to the realisation of common goals.

Tags : Horizontal project, Community of projects

Community of projects

The community of projects gathers all the modular projects in the same axis / objective of the Interreg MED Programme linked to the same horizontal project for their joint transnational communication and capitalisation activities.

Tags : Horizontal project, Community Building

Comparative analysis

Comparative analysis is the item-by-item comparison of two or more processes, qualifications and sets of data, system, products, comparable alternatives or the likes.

Tags : Deliverable

Conference

A conference is usually a broad event towards end-targets to disseminate results of the projects.

Tags : Deliverable, Seminar, Workshop

Consultation

A consultation is a way of investigating a subject consulting relevant targets.

Tags : Deliverable

Contribution

Counterpart to programme co-financing secured by the partners (paid by the partners from their own resources or paid to the partners from external sources). Depending on the source of contribution (partner’s own resources, external sources) and their legal status, the contribution can be public and/or private. (See also Private contribution, Public contribution, Automatic public contribution).

Tags : Private contribution, Public contribution, Automatic public contribution

Control

Control means any measure taken to provide reasonable assurance regarding the effectiveness, efficiency and economy of operations, the reliability of reporting, the safeguarding of assets and information, the prevention, detection and correction of fraud and irregularities and their follow-up, and the adequate management of the risks relating to the legality and regularity of the underlying transactions, taking into account the multiannual character of programmes as well as the nature of the payments concerned.

controller reviewer

A second controller verifying checks undertaken by the primary controller (4-eyes principle). Often done on a sample basis. The Controller reviewer can be a peer or a superior.

Cooperation area

Area covered by the Interreg MED Programme. It includes all or parts of the following countries :

  • Croatia (entire country)
  • Cyprus (entire country)
  • France (5 regions – Corse, Languedoc-Roussillon, Midi-Pyrénées, Provence Alpes Côte d’Azur, Rhône-Alpes)
  • Greece (entire country)
  • Italy (19 regions – Abruzzo, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardy, Marche, Molise, Piedmonte, Sardinia, Sicily, Tuscany, Umbria, Valle D’Aosta, Veneto)
  • Malta (entire country)
  • Portugal (3 regions – Algarve, Alentejo, Area Metropolitana de Lisboa)
  • Slovenia (entire country)
  • Spain (6 autonomous regions – Andalusia, Aragon, Catalonia, Balearic islands, Murcia, Valencia – and 2 autonomous cities – Ceuta and Melilla)
  • United Kingdom (Gibraltar)
  • Albania (entire country)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (entire country)
  • Montenegro (entire country)

Cooperation criteria

The four joint criteria used to measure to what extent projects cooperate. According to art. 11(4) of ETC regulation, project partners shall cooperate in the development and implementation of projects. In addition, they shall cooperate in the staffing or the financing of projects, or in both.

Ref: Article 11(4) of ETC Regulation

Tags : Joint development, Joint implementation, Joint financing, Joint staffing

cooperation programme

A document developed jointly by EU countries and /or regions of a specific territory and approved by the EU Commission.
This document defines priorities of the related territory as well as the programming required to achieve these.

Coordination

Coordination is the synchronisation and integration of activities, responsibilities, and command and control structures to ensure that resources are used most efficiently in pursuit of the specified objectives.

In practice it means that all Interreg MED project actions must be coordinated by one partner in charge. Therefore, from the beginning of the project, all partners in charge of actions and/or group of actions must :

  • Have a complete overview of the developement of the activity (partners responsabilities and work load, time table, expected results, deliverables, etc.)
  • Provide partners with regular and up-to-date information.

Horizontal projects shall coordinate their communication and capitalisation activities with the Joint Secretariat and modular projects with the Horizontal projects.

Costs incurred

Costs accumulated in relation to implementation of the project that are recorded as liabilities on a balance sheet of the partner organisation until they are discharged or paid out. Incurred costs may include both direct and indirect costs.

Cross-border cooperation

The collaboration between adjacent areas across borders. The main aim is to reduce the negative effects of borders as administrative, legal and physical barriers, tackle common problems, and exploit untapped potential. Through joint management of programmes and projects, mutual trust and understanding are strengthened, and the cooperation process is enhanced. Cross-border cooperation is one of the 3 strands of Interreg (ETC).

Reference

Tags : Transnational cooperation, Interregional cooperation, Territorial cooperation

Cultural and creative industries

These are the industries having a cultural dimension. At the European level, the so-called "ICC standard" includes : culture, arts and entertainment ; media and cultural industries ; creative services (architecture and engineering, design, advertising, business communication, software consultancy and supply) ; crafts and related activities.

Reference

Cultural heritage and cultural resources

Cultural heritage is composed of tangible heritage including buildings and historic places, monuments, etc. and intangible cultural heritage which refers to practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills etc. Cultural resources comprise both elements, the tangible and intangible cultural heritage, encompassing current culture, including progressive, innovative and urban culture. These resources can be valorised among others in cultural and creative industries.

Reference

For more information

Tags : Natural heritage and resources