Glossary

scientific partner

A scientific partner is a partner that has a role mostly focused on developping knowledge.

Tags : Operational partner, Institutional partner

Sea basin strategy

A structured framework of cooperation in relation to a given geographical area, developed by Union institutions, Member States, their regions and where appropriate third countries sharing a sea basin. Such a strategy takes into account the geographic, climatic, economic and political specificities of the sea basin.

Tags : Macro-regional approach, Macro-regional strategy

Seminar

A seminar presents results of a project in a pedagogic way. The number of participant is limited and well targeted.

Tags : Deliverable, Workshop, Conference

Sensitive areas

Areas with undisputed environmental qualities, taking into account the quality of the landscape or the presence of rare or endangered species. The term can also apply to land without any real intrinsic value, yet considered vulnerable due to the pressure exerted upon it, for instance by urban development or intensive tourism :

  • Reserves and natural parks
  • Natura 2000 areas
  • Special protection areas
  • Special areas of conservation
  • Wetland
  • Biogenetic reserves
  • ...

Shared costs

Costs of the project that are common to at least two project partners, and thus shared between them. In the framwork of the Interreg MED Programme this expenditure is non-eligible.

Simplified cost options

Contrary to real costs, simplified cost options modify the concept of expenditure paid by project partners. They involve approximations of costs, and are calculated according to a pre-defined method (eg : established by the programme on the basis of a fair, equitable and verifiable calculation, or defined by the Fund specific regulations) based on outputs, results, or some other costs. The application of simplified cost options signifies a departure from the approach of tracing every euro of co-financed expenditure to individual supporting documents. Kindly note that not all simplified cost options are used by the Interreg MED Programme.

Tags : Flat rate, Lump sum, Standard scale of unit costs

Single-module

The single-module types of projects are basically aimed at partnerships having immediate requirements and seeking quick answers, wanting to work on a specific issue with more agility, not requiring large financing efforts nor a complex implementation.

Tags : Module, Multi-module, Modular project

Small and medium-sized enterprise (SME)

Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises are defined according to the number of employees and either the turnover or the annual balance sheet total.

  • A medium-sized enterprise is defined as an enterprise which employs fewer than 250 persons and whose annual turnover does not exceed EUR 50 million and/or whose annual balance-sheet total does not exceed EUR 43 million.
  • A small enterprise is defined as an enterprise which employs fewer than 50 persons and whose annual turnover and/or annual balance sheet total does not exceed EUR 10 million.
  • A micro-enterprise is defined as an enterprise which employs fewer than 10 persons and whose annual turnover and/or annual balance sheet total does not exceed EUR 2 million.

This ceilings apply to the figures for individual firms only. A firm which is part of larger grouping may need to include employee/turnover/balance sheet total from that grouping too.

Reference

Small scale investments

Facilities or infrastructures of limited size or scope, which are essential to the successful implementation of a pilot activity. Their purpose must be the demonstration of the feasibility and effectiveness of a proposed solution (eg : services, tools, methods or approaches). Costs associated to "small scale investment" should be foreseen under the budget line 5 – equipment expenditure.

Tags : Pilot activity

Smart city

In Smart Cities, digital technologies translate into better public services for citizens, better use of resources and less impact on the environment. The smart city concept goes beyond the use of ICT for better resource use and less emissions. It means smarter urban transport networks, upgraded water supply and waste disposal facilities, and more efficient ways to light and heat buildings. It also encompasses a more interactive and responsive city administration, safer public spaces and meeting the needs of an ageing population.

Reference

Tags : Innovation

Smart growth

Smart growth consists in developing an economy based on knowledge and innovation.

Reference

Tags : Innovation, Europe 2020

Smart specialisation strategy

Tags : Regional Innovation Smart Specialisation Strategy (RIS3)

Social economy

Social economy is intended to make profits for people other than investors or owners. It includes cooperatives, mutual societies, non-profit associations, foundations and social enterprises. The primary objective of the traditional social economy enterprises is to serve the members and not to obtain a return on investment as the traditional mainstream capital companies do. The members act in accordance with the principle of solidarity and mutuality, and manage their enterprise on the basis of "one man one vote" principle.

Tags : Social entrepreneurship

Social entrepreneurship

A social enterprise is an operator in the social economy whose main objective is to have a social impact rather than make a profit for their owners or shareholders. It operates by providing goods and services for the market in an entrepreneurial and innovative fashion and uses its profits primarily to achieve social objectives. It is managed in an open and responsible manner and, in particular, involve employees, consumers and stakeholders affected by its commercial activities.

Reference

Tags : Social economy

Social innovation

Social innovations are new ideas (products, services and models) that simultaneously meet social needs (more effectively than alternatives) and create new social relationships or collaborations. Fields of activity are among others work integration, social services, education and research, culture and recreation, health etc.

Reference

Tags : Innovation

Soft action

Generic terminology covering strategies, action plans and tools (mainly IT tools). It does not include investment in infrastructures.

Source of verification

The evidence that establishes or confirms the accuracy or truth of information provided.

Stakeholder

Anyone, internal or external to an organisation, who has an interest in a project or will be affected by its outputs and results.

Standard scale of unit costs

One of the simplified cost options. A standard scale of unit costs comprises of pre-established standard prices that apply to pre-defined quantities related to an activity. The eligible expenditure is calculated by multiplying the standard cost by the units achieved (quantified activities, input, etc.). In general, standard scales of unit costs are process-based, aiming at covering through the best approximation the real costs of delivering a project. They can also be outcome-based or defined on both process and outcome. Standard scales of unit costs are established based on fair, equitable and verifiable calculation methods. This simplified cost option is not used by the Interreg MED Programme.


State aid

Any aid granted by a Member State or through State resources in any form whatsover wich distors or threatens to distort competition by favouring certain undertakings or the production or certain goods.

Reference

Tags : De minimis, Economic operator/Undertaking, GBER

State of the art

The state of the art gathers all existing information on a specific domain and aims at providing a synthesis. It is mainly the results of desk research and analysis of formal and informal publications.

Tags : Deliverable

Steering Group (Axis 4)

The Steering Group implements the ‘PLATEFORM’ project following the outline of the Work Plan. It decides which transnational conferences are set up, according to the interest that the MED project results (and eventually other useful results) present to the MED area. It also gives feedback to the programme authorities (Managing Authority and Monitoring Committee) on the transferability and transfer of results of projects co-financed by Interreg MED, and on potential for multilateral governance and policy-making.
The decision-making partners of the Steering Group are the Country Coordinators. The other partners are advisory members of the Steering Group and participate to sub-groups that implement the Work Packages.

Tags : Platform project

Strategy

A strategy should be jointly defined on the basis of problems which are relevant for the participating regions. It should provide a common vision and set objectives and priorities in a mid- to long-term perspective. The formulation of a transnational and/or regional strategy should be carried out with involvement of relevant stakeholders (targeting the policy level) and aim at its subsequent implementation. This type of output can relate either to the development of new or further improvement, revision and/or update of existing strategies as well as their subsequent implementation.

Studying and testing project (M1+M2)

This type of project has the objective, because of a lack of prior literature, data or experiences, to create new knowledge in a specific field and to develop common solutions that can be directly tested in specific territories. Therefore, this type of project should focus on conducting studies and developing common plans or instruments (M1), which then will be tested in order to transfer them to the public policies of the territories concerned (M2).

Tags : Multi-module project, Studying project (Module 1), Testing project (Module 2)

Studying project (Module 1)

This type of project has the objective to explore innovative subjects from a thematic and/or geographical perspective (new challenges, policies or trends) or to create knowledge in the MED area on issues, relevant for the participating regions, where the Interreg MED Programme experience is insufficient.

Tags : Module, Single-module project, Modular project

Subsidy contract

Grant agreement between the Interreg MED Programme Managing Authority and the Lead Partner of an approved project.

Tags : Managing Authority, Lead Partner, Partnership Agreement

Sustainability

Sustainability is the ability to carry out an activity without significant deterioration of the environment and depletion of natural resources on which human well-being depends.

Tags : Sustainable development

Sustainable development

The concept of sustainable development refers to a form of economic growth which satisfies society’s needs in terms of well-being in the short, medium and – above all – long terms. It is founded on the assumption that development must meet today’s needs without jeopardising the prospects of future generations. In practical terms, it means creating the conditions for long-term economic development with due respect of the environment. The Copenhagen world summit for sustainable development (March 1995) stressed the need to combat social exclusion and protect public health. The Treaty of Amsterdam included an explicit reference to sustainable development into the recitals of the EU Treaty.

Tags : Sustainability

Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP)

A Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP) is the key document in which the Covenant signatory outlines how it intends to reach its CO2 reduction target by 2020. It defines the activities and measures set up to achieve the targets, together with time frames and assigned responsibilities. Covenant signatories are free to choose the format of their SEAP, as long as it is in line with the general principles set out in the Covenant SEAP guidelines.

Reference

Tags : Sustainable development, Energy efficiency, Renewable energy

Sustainable growth

Sustainable growth consists in promoting a more resource-efficient, competitive and greener economy.

Reference

Tags : Green growth, Sustainable development

Sustainable tourism

Tourism that takes full account of its current and future economic, social and environmental impacts, addressing the needs of visitors, the industry, the environment and host communities. Sustainable tourism development guidelines and management practices are applicable to all forms of tourism in all types of destinations, including mass tourism and the various niche tourism segments. Sustainability principles refer to the environmental, economic, and socio-cultural aspects of tourism development, and a suitable balance must be established between these three dimensions to guarantee its long-term sustainability.

Reference

Tags : Sustainable development, Coastal tourism, Maritime tourism

Sustainable urban mobility plan (SUMP)

The 2013 Urban Mobility Package sets out a concept of a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) that has emerged from a broad exchange between stakeholders and planning experts across the European Union. The concept describes the main features of a modern and sustainable urban mobility and transport plan.

Tags : Low carbon transport, Multimodal transport

SWOT analysis

The SWOT analysis (matrix) analyses Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats that enables the evaluate the strategic options for a domain. It implies two diagnosis :

  • external, studying the environment : Opportunities and Threats
  • internal : Strengths and Weaknesses of the domain of activity
Tags : Deliverable

Synergie CTE

Online monitoring tool of the Interreg MED Programme.